Fallow land or a plot where a cover crop was previously harvested may contain clumps of dirt, small rocks, or a series of roots that will impede the growth of new crops. Tillage equipment is used to break up and aerate the soil. There are many hand tools and tractor extensions that can be used for primary or secondary tilling purposes.

Primary And Secondary Tilling

Primary tilling is used to break up clumps that are along the top of the ground. This process will aid with the loosening of foreign materials that could interfere with planting rows of seeds. For a small plot of land, a shovel, a rake, a hoe, or a manual rotary tiller can be used for the primary application.

Secondary tilling is used to further refine soil. Hand tools that are designed to dig further into the earth can be used to perform this task. Alternatively, a tractor and a series of attachments can be used to complete both primary and secondary tilling needs. A tractor will pull or push attachments across the land.

Manual And Power Tilling Options

Small-scale equipment that is manually operated is sufficient for small plots. For larger plots or fields, attachments that are designed to connect to the tractor model that you own will help you till the land in a shorter amount of time than what would be required with the use of hand tools.

A plow is often used to complete primary tilling. A moldboard is a common plow type that will scrape the land as the tractor moves across the property. A tractor may support the use of one or two moldboards. A rotary tiller, a disc harrow, and a cultivator are three extensions that can be used for either primary or secondary tilling steps.

Each piece of equipment will be designed to reach a specific distance into the earth. Because the overuse of any type of equipment can result in compacted dirt at the surface level, you should complete one round of primary tilling and one round of secondary tilling.

Researching the types of crops that you will be growing will further aid in preventing blockages that could stunt growth. If you choose a crop variety that possesses a deep root system, purchase a manual tool or a tractor extension that is designed to cut deep into the ground. A tool or an extension that contains a series of metal blades that have jagged edges will make precise cuts into the ground.